Breast Reduction Also Known as Reduction mammoplasty

Breast reduction surgery is technically called reduction mammoplasty. This is the surgical correction of ptosis via the excision of fat, skin, implants and glandular tissues. It differs from mastopexy in that more than just excess skin is removed.

What are the indications for reduction mammoplasty?

Excessively large breasts may cause a woman head, neck, shoulder and back pain, significantly affecting her quality of life and negatively influencing her body image within her own mind. Gigantomastia (excessive and sudden grown of the mammary glands) can also be an indication for breast reduction surgery. If you are unhappy with the size of your breasts, find that they are too large, get in the way or cause you pain, you may be a candidate for breast reduction surgery.

What is the usual procedure for breast reduction surgery?

Usually, reduction mammoplasty if performed on a patient whilst they are under general anesthesia. Before surgery, usually during an office consultation, the surgeon and the woman having the surgery decide upon which technique will be used and the re-positioning of the nipple-areola complex (NAC).

Breast reduction techniques:

What risks are involved with breast reduction?

Apart from the risks associated with all surgeries, reduction mammoplasty also includes a few others. While most techniques seek to preserve functionality for breastfeeding and sensitivity in the areola and nipple, scarring, asymmetry, delayed wound healing, fluid retention (seroma), diminished erogenous response, change to the shape and contour of the breast and the recurrence of ptosis are all possible negative outcomes of surgery. Most of the risks are rare occurrences but it’s good to be informed of all possible risks before making a decision to undergo reduction mammoplasty.

What about cancer prevention or dangers?

Many people have heard the rumors that breast reduction surgery can either make it harder to detect breast cancer or that it reduces the possibility of breast cancer. Neither rumor is entirely accurate. The concerns for detection have more to do with scar tissue occurrence and difficulty seeing results on a mammogram. Reduction mammoplasty absolutely will not increase your chances of developing breast cancer and a baseline mammogram about 6mo after surgery will eliminate most concerns about mammogram results. As far as reducing the possibility of developing cancer, there is no real basis for this assumption other than the fact that it’s not possible to develop cancer in tissue you no longer have. So while the removed tissue is no longer at risk of developing cancer, the remaining tissue is at no more or less risk of cancer development.